SSC CGL Syllabus and SSC CGL Exam Pattern for All Tiers

The full form of SSC CGL is Staff Selection Commission (SSC) Combined Graduate Level (CGL). This is one of the biggest graduate level exam of India. Staff Selection Commission is a body or organisation of government of India. CGL exam is conducted in every year by SSC and by this exam SSC appoints group B and C officer in government office of India. Staff Selection Commission conducts various exam like, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC CGL, etc.Today we'll discuss about the syllabus of SSC CGL exam.

SSC CGL Syllabus and SSC CGL Exam Pattern

SSC CGL Syllabus 

Lakhs of students from all over India apply for this exam every year and because of this it becomes more competitive like other competitive exams. Many new students wants to give this exam but they don't know basic material or information about this exam such as syllabus. According to Staff Selection Commission, if you have completed you graduation or even if you have recently gave your last year or semester exam of your graduation, then you are eligible for this exam and they can now apply for this exam. 

SSC CGL Tier 1 Syllabus 

In Tier 1 exam there'll be total of 4 sections, Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude and English Comprehension. Tier 1 exam of CGL is based on online mode and objective type (MCQ type) in nature. Total marks of  Tier 1 exam is 200.

Papers No (Not in sequence) Papers Name
Paper I Quantitative Aptitude
Paper II English Comprehension
Paper III Reasoning & General intelligence
Paper IV General Awareness

Quantitative Aptitude : Decimals, Relationships between numbers, Computation of whole numbers, Fractions, Partnership business, Profit and loss, Mixture and alligation, Discount, Percentage, Time and distance, Ratio and proportion, Time and work, Averages, Square roots, Interest, etc.

English Comprehension : Sentence correction, Phrases and idioms, Fill in the blanks, One word substitution, Error spotting, Synonyms and antonyms, spelling correction, Active and passive voice, Reading comprehension, Sentence improvement, Cloze test, Sentence rearrangement, etc.

Reasoning & General Intelligence : Space visualization, Analogies, Problem solving, Similarities and differences,  Spatial orientation, Blood relations, Analysis, Decision making, Judgment, Observation, Visual memory, Relationship concepts, Discrimination, Arithmetical reasoning, Non verbal series, Figural classification, Statement conclusion, Arithmetic number series, Coding and decoding.

General Awareness : Science, Indian geography, Indian history, Indian culture, Current affairs, Polity, relation with neighboring countries, Economics, Important schemes, Books and authors, Portfolios, Sports, People in the news.

Important Links Regarding CGL

SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus 

Tier 2 exam comprises total of 4 papers and the papers are also objective type (MCQ type) in nature. And the exam also is based on online mode (based on computer). The total marks of CGL Tier 2 exam is of 800. Let's have a look at table below.

Papers No (Not in sequence) Papers Name
Paper I Quantitative Ability
Paper II English Language and Comprehension
Paper III Statistics
Paper IV General Studies (Finance and Economics)

Quantitative Ability : Fractions, Computation of whole numbers, Interest, Time and work, Degree and radian measures, Decimals, Time and distance, Regular polygons, Averages, Frequency polygon, Partnership business, Percentage, Profit and loss, Triangle, Standard identities, Complementary angles, Square roots, Discount, Triangle and its various kinds of centers, Right circular cylinder, Relationships between numbers, Pie chart, Trigonometric ratio, Ratio and proportion, Heights and distances, Bar diagram, Graphs of Linear Equations, Right prism, Histogram, Quadrilaterals, Sphere, Mixture & alligation, Regular right pyramid with triangular or square base, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Right circular cone, Hemispheres, Common tangents to two or more circles, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Basic algebraic identities of school algebra, etc.

English Language and Comprehension : One word substitution, Error spotting, Synonyms and antonyms, Cloze passage, Idioms and phrases. Improvement of sentences, Fill in the blanks, Comprehension passage, Voice change, spelling correction, Narration, Shuffling of sentence in a parts and passage, etc.

Statistics : Analysis of variance, Collection, classification and presentation of statistical data, Correlation and regression, Index numbers, Probability theory,  Measures of central tendency, Random Variable and probability distributions,  Measures of dispersion, Time series analysis, Moments, skewness and kurtosis, Sampling theory, Statistical inference, etc.

General Studies (Finance and Economics) : 

Part - A (Finance and Accounts): Basic concepts of accounting,  Financial accounting, Journal, ledgers, Balance sheet, Limitations of financial accounting, Self balancing ledgers, Non-profit organisations accounts, Nature and scope, Bank reconciliation, Bills of exchange, Basic concepts and conventions, Distinction between capital and revenue expenditure, Generally accepted accounting principles, Receipts and payments and income and expenditure accounts, Trading, Single and double entry, Valuation of inventories, Rectification of errors, Depreciation accounting, Manufacturing, Books of Original Entry, Profit and loss appropriation accounts, Trial balance, etc.

Part - B ( Economics and Governance) : Economic reforms since 1991 (Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization, Disinvestment), Meaning and determinants of demand, Comptroller and auditor general of India's role and responsibility and provisions, Finance commission' role, responsibility & functions, Scope and nature of economics, Income and cross elasticity,  Basic concept of economics and introduction to micro economics, Methods of economic study, Meaning and determinants of supply, Budget and fiscal deficits and balance of payments, Economic reforms in India, Various forms of markets perfect competition, Theory of production and cost, Fiscal responsibility and budget management Act of 2003, Central problems of an economy, Nature of the Indian economy role of different sectors, Role of information technology in governance, etc.

SSC CGL Tier 3 Syllabus  

After clearing tier 1 and 2 exam of CGL, candidates'll be eligible for Tier 3 exam. Tier 3 exam of SSC CGL is about the writing skills of the candidates. Candidates are required to write application, essays, letters, precis, etc. Tier 3'll be a descriptive type exam (pen and paper mode) and the mode of examination'll be in offline. The exam is of 100 marks. 

SSC CGL Tier 4 Syllabus 

Tier 4 exam of SSC CGL is about skill test like, CPT (Computer proficiency test), DEST (Data entry speed test), etc. Candidates have to choose the medium of skill test. They can choose Hindi or English as their medium of skill test.

SSC CGL Exam Pattern 

As we have already knew that there are total four stages in this exam and out of these for stages, two are objective based papers means Multiple Choice Question in form and these two papers are conducted through online mode by computer and out of these four stages one is descriptive type paper and one is skill test exam. 

Tier 1 Exam Pattern 

The tier 1 exam of CGL consist of total 4 papers, General Intelligence, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude and English Comprehension. Each paper comprised with 25 questions and marks allotted for each paper is 50 marks and the exam is of 200 marks. And time allotted for tier 1 exam is 1 hour for all papers, 20 minutes extra for physically challenged people. In tier 1 exam , there will be a negative marking of 0.55 marks for every wrong answer. The paper is MCQ type (objective type) and online based (Computer based).

Tier 2 Exam Pattern 

CGL tier 2 exam comprises 4 papers, Quantitative Ability, English Language and Comprehension, Statistics and General Studies (Finance and Economics). Each paper has total 100 questions and marks allotted for each paper is 200 marks and the exam is of 800 marks. And time allotted for each paper is 2 hours (40 minutes extra for physically challenged people). So the tier 2 exam is of 8 hours and extra 160 minutes for physically handicapped candidates. There is a negative number of 0.25 for every wrong answer. Tier 2 exam is also objective type (MCQ type) and also a computer based exam. 

Tier 3 Exam Pattern 

Tier 3 exam comprises only one paper and exam is descriptive type and marks allotted for this exam is 100 and the exam is to analyze the writing skills of the candidates. The mode of exam is offline (pen and paper) mode. And time allotted for this exam is 1 hour and 20 minutes extra for PWD (Person with disabilities) category candidates. Tier 3 exam is only for those candidates who are interested for the post, Compiler and Statistical Investigator Grade - II.

Tier 4 Exam Pattern 

The tier 4 exam is about skill test for certain posts all over the country. Data entry speed test for the post of Central excise and income tax. Computer proficiency test for post of Inspector of Central Excise, Inspector of Preventive Officer, CSS, Inspector of Examiner, MEA. 

FAQS on CGL Exam

What are the subjects of SSC CGL?

There are total 4 papers in Tier 1 including 4 subjects such as Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude and English Comprehension. And in Tier 2, there are also 4 papers  including 4 subjects such as Quantitative Ability, English Language and Comprehension, Statistics and General Studies (Finance and Economics). 

Is SSC CGL tough or easy?

Some say it is one of the tough exams in India and some say it is moderate. And according to us it is quite taught exam and many people call it as a mini IAS exam. But always remember that you can clear any exam by hard work and dedication. 

Which is best post in CGL?

  • Income tax inspector
  • SI (Sub Inspector) in CBI
  • Assistant Section Officer 
  • Excise Inspector
  • Assistant Audit Officer
  • Et cetera

Is math compulsory for SSC?

Yes, you can say that Math is compulsory subject for SSC CGL exam as well as other SSC exam. Math is in both tier 1 and 2 exam in CGL exam. And it is one of the most important subjects to secure a good mark in Staff Selection Commission exam. 

Can 12th pass apply for SSC CGL?

According to CGL eligibility criteria, you must complete your bachelor's degree or you must have a graduation degree from an authorized university or college. And the age limit should be in between 18 years to 32 years and some relaxation is also given for some reservation categories such as SC, ST, OBC, etc.


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Hello everyone, I’m Mritunjoy Biswas and I did masters degree in English literature. Now I’m a private tutor and I have been teaching for last 5 years.

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