What Is Noun and Types Of Nouns With Examples In English Grammar

Noun is a type of Parts of Speech and like other types of Parts of Speech, Noun is one of the most important parts of English grammar. Many students face difficulties while reading Noun or practicing Noun. So, today we'll learn Noun in a very simple and easiest way. we'll cover what is Noun?, Noun definition and types, different types of nouns, etc. Before we start discussing this topic, we would like to inform you that we have already posted an article on Parts of Speech and we have talked about Noun and its types. You can check that for more knowledge. Although we have written an article on it but there we have only discussed it shortly but in this article, we'll discuss Noun in detail. 

Types Of Nouns With Examples In English Grammar

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What is Noun? 

Noun Definition and Example : Noun means name and it is used as the name of any place, person or thing. For example; Raju is a good boy. Here "Raju" and "Boy" are nouns. 

Kinds of Noun 

There are different types of nouns but we will divided them into two categories, (a) Proper Noun and (b) Common Noun. There are different types of Common Noun but we will discuss only 5 important types of Common Noun such as (i) Concrete Noun, (ii) Group Noun, (iii) Materials Noun, (iv) Abstract Noun, (v) Compound Noun

(a) Proper Noun : 

When a word refers to the name of a particular person or place, then it is called a proper noun. For example; Kolkata is a city of joy. Here "Kolkata" is a Proper Noun because it refers to the name of a particular place.

(b) Common Noun : 

When a word is used as common for more than one person or place, then it is called a common noun. Basically, all nouns which are not Proper in nature are called Common Noun. Example; Kolkata is a city of joy. Here "City" is a Common Noun because It can be used not only for Kolkata but also for other big places in the world.

Important links on English grammar

(i) Concrete Noun :

It is also called as Count Noun. A concrete noun is the name of an object or any object that we can count. For example; Give me a book. Here "Book" is a Concrete Noun because it is countable.  

(ii) Group Noun :

When noun indicates a group or the name of a group such as men, animals, etc, then it is called Group or Collective Noun. Example; The class is formed with discipline. Here "Class" is a Group Noun because it indicates a group. 

(iii) Materials Noun : 

When a noun indicates the matter, mass or substance, then it is called Materials or Mass Noun. For example; The comb is made of wood. Here "Wood" is a Materials Noun because it can be weighed. 

(iv) Abstract Noun : 

When a noun denotes the name of a feeling, quality, action or states, then it is called Abstract Noun. Example; Kindness is a great virtue. Here "Kindness" denotes a quality, so it is a Abstract Noun.

(v) Compound Noun : 

When a group of more than one word is used as a noun, then it is called Compound Noun. For example; Tomorrow we'll watch a cricket match. Here "Cricket Match" is a Compound Noun because here the noun is a group of more than one word. 

The Noun : Number 

There are two types of numbers in English grammar, (i) Singular Number and (ii) Plural Number. 

(i) Singular Number : 

If the number of a person, object or creature means only one, then it is called Singular Number. For example; I, He, Boy, Cow, etc

(ii) Plural Number

If the number of a person, object or animal is more than one, then it is called Plural Number. Generally the Plural is formed by adding "s" or "es" with Singular word. Example; We, They, Boys, Cows, etc.

Singular Number Plural Number
Desk Desks
Cat Cats
Pen Pens
Chair Chairs
Dog Dogs
Gas Gases
Lass Lasses
Dish Dishes
Church Churches
Potato Potatoes

The Noun : Case 

Definition : The relation of the noun to another word in the sentence is called the case of the noun. 

There are four case in English grammar such as (i) Nominative Case, (ii) Objective Case, (iii) Possessive Case and (iv) Vocative Case. 

(i) Nominative Case : 

When a noun or pronoun is used as the subject of a verb, then it is called a Nominative Case. For example; Raju gave me a pen. Here "Raju" is nominative case because here he gave the pen, so he did the work.

(ii) Objective Case : 

When a noun or pronoun is used as the object of a verb, then it is called a Objective Case. For example; Raju gave me a pen. Here what did Raju gave?, "a pen" and it is an object. 

(iii) Possessive Case

It refers  possession or authorship or relationship. and it gives the answer of the question of the word, "Whose". For example;  This is Rahul's Book. So, whose book is it?, It is Rahul's book. 

(iv) Vocative Case : 

It is used to mean address. Example; Come here, Steve, Come on, etc.

The Noun : Gender

Gender has different meanings in English Grammar. All the meanings of gender are given below;

Masculine Gender : 

If the noun is masculine or male, then it is called Masculine Gender. For example; Boy Hero, Actor, Tiger, Lion, etc

Feminine Gender : 

When the noun is feminine or female, then it is called Feminine Gender. Example; Girl, Heroine, Actress, Tigress, Lioness, etc

Common Gender : 

When the noun indicates either a male or female, then it is called as  Common Gender. For example; Parents, Student, Cousin, Doctor, etc. 

Neuter Gender : 

When the noun refers to a Inanimate or material thing, then it is called Neuter Gender. For example; Book, Pen, Table, Gold, etc. 

Countable and Uncountable Noun

In modern English grammar, nouns are primarily divided into two categories, (i) Countable Noun and (ii) Uncountable Noun. 

(i) Countable Noun : 

All the nouns which are countable are called Countable noun. It is usually a Common Noun. For example; Books, The boy, Pens, etc.

(ii) Uncountable Noun : 

All the nouns which are uncountable are called Uncountable noun. It is usually a Proper Noun or Materials Noun or Abstract Noun. Example; Water, Milk, Sugar, Honesty, etc. 

*Note : Some people call collective noun as uncountable noun but many people also use it as countable noun, because "The" is used before it and its plural number can be used as required. For example; The army - The armies, The navy - The navies, etc. 

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Hello everyone, I’m Mritunjoy Biswas and I did masters degree in English literature. Now I’m a private tutor and I have been teaching for last 5 years.

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